Best Practices for Improved Project Performance

By Steve Jones and Donna Laquidara-Carr

In 2016, Dodge Data & Analytics partnered with the Lean Construction Institute on a groundbreaking study examining construction project performance from a building owner’s perspective. We asked owners to consider two specific projects as they answered questions in a survey: one that they considered a “typical” project in terms of its performance based on schedule, budget, safety and quality, and one that they considered to be their “best” project based on these criteria. The owners were asked about the differences they experienced in performance on the four main measures, and then were asked about the kinds of practices they engaged in on each. This allowed us to determine two things: the gaps in performance between typical and best projects that are common in the construction industry, and the practices that most frequently correlate with better project performance.

The gaps in performance are, in fact, dramatic.  Nearly one quarter (24%) of best projects finished ahead of schedule compared to only 6% of typical projects, and almost half (46%) of best projects finished under budget compared to only 10% of typical projects. On the other hand, almost two thirds (61%) percent of typical projects finished behind schedule, and nearly half (49%) of typical projects completed over budget.

Understanding these gaps in performance is critical because they demonstrate the degree to which standard practice in the construction can reasonably be expected to improve. To be able to advance, though, requires that project teams understand which practices are most frequently correlated with greater project success.

The study identified several best practices, but we want to particularly highlight two. The first also confirms the findings of many Dodge Data & Analytics studies that demonstrate that good project performance is correlated with early project team integration. In this study, we found that over three quarters (76%) of best projects engage key stakeholders (owner, architect, general contractor and major trades like structural, mechanical, electrical and plumbing contractors) before or during conceptualization. On the other hand, nearly half (42%) of typical project did not engage these key stakeholders until design development or later. In addition, the study also found correlations between the use of collaborative delivery methods, such as construction manager at risk and integrated project delivery, and improved project performance.

The other best practice is the use of several lean techniques. Approaches like co-location/big room, target value design and A3 thinking were used five to six times more on best projects than on typical ones. Last Planner System® was also used twice as frequently on best than on typical projects. These findings present compelling evidence that lean approaches improve project performance. In addition, the projects on which a relatively high number of lean practices were employed were also demonstrated to be three times more likely to complete on schedule and two times more likely to complete on budget.

Thus, all of these findings suggest that taking a collaborative, lean approach can have a measurable, meaningful impact on improving project performance.  

 

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About Dodge Data & Analytics

: Dodge Data & Analytics is a technology-driven construction project data, analytics and insights provider. Dodge provides trusted market intelligence that helps the construction industry and professionals grow their business, and is redefining and recreating the business tools and processes on which the industry relies. Dodge is creating an integrated platform that unifies and simplifies the design, bid and build process, bringing data on people, projects and products into a single hub for the entire industry, from building product manufacturers to contractors and specialty trades to architects and engineers. The company's products include Dodge Global Network, Dodge PlanRoom, Dodge PipeLine, Dodge SpecShare, Dodge BuildShare, Dodge MarketShare, and the Sweets family of products. To learn more, visit www.construction.com.

 

Media Contact

: Benjamin Gorelick | Spector & Associates +1-212-943-5858, ben@spectorpr.com